Keratoconus is a progressive eye condition that causes the cornea, the clear front part of the eye, to become thin and cone-shaped. This abnormal shape causes the light entering the eye to be distorted, resulting in blurry and distorted vision.
Keratoconus typically develops in teenagers and young adults, and it can occur in one or both eyes. In the early stages of the condition, glasses or contact lenses can often correct the distorted vision. However, as the condition progresses, the cornea may become too thin and irregular to be corrected with glasses or contact lenses, and other treatments may be needed.
The exact cause of keratoconus is not known, but it is thought to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some research suggests that excessive eye rubbing, certain eye conditions, and certain medical conditions may increase the risk of developing keratoconus.
Symptoms of keratoconus may include blurred vision, distorted vision, sensitivity to light, and difficulty seeing at night. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see an eye care professional for a thorough eye exam.
If keratoconus is diagnosed, the eye care professional will work with you to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your specific needs. Treatment options may include glasses or contact lenses, special contact lenses called gas permeable lenses, or surgical options such as corneal transplantation.
It is important to remember that keratoconus is a progressive condition, so regular follow-up care with an eye care professional is essential to monitor the condition and ensure that the appropriate treatment is being provided.
In conclusion, keratoconus is a progressive eye condition that causes the cornea to become thin and cone-shaped, resulting in distorted vision. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the condition from progressing and preserve vision. If you experience any symptoms of keratoconus, it is important to see an eye care professional for a thorough eye exam.